The 10 best things to do in Edinburgh, Scotland | TRAVEL GUIDE

Dugald Stewart monument on Calton Hill

When it comes to travel, one of my favourite things is familiarising myself with the trendiest spots, cultural musts and most exciting places to eat in whatever our next destination is. As someone who is constantly on the lookout for new places to add to my little travel book, I cannot bear lazying around and absolutely have to visit as many different spots as humanly possible. A control freak, I know.

There aren’t many cities that I fall head over heels for at first sight, but I have to admit Edinburgh won me over from the very beginning. Having never been to Scotland before, I was really excited to see bagpipers in person – something that had been on my travel bucket list for quite a while! Thankfully, they were far better than Ross’ bagpipe performance in Friends! That being said, how could I possibly not include a bunch of recommendations to make your time in the Scottish capital far more enjoyable? Shall we go ahead with my best things to do in Edinburgh?

St Cuthbert's church, Edinburgh

Calton Hill view of Edinburgh castle

1. Edinburgh Castle

Sitting imposingly on of top Castle Hill, in Edinburgh’s Old Town, Edinburgh Castle can be seen from every point in the city. Likewise, its strategic location offers the most amazing views over the Scottish capital and surrounding green hills and blue sea. Surrounded by sheer cliffs, this volcanic stone castle can only be accessed from a steep ascent at one end of the Royal Mile.

Royal Scots Greys monument with Edinburgh castle

Edinburgh castle entrance

With human settlements on the hill dating back to the Iron Age, the castle was initially erected as a military fort to protect the Scottish territory from foreign invasions, as well as controlling new arrivals to the port. Back in the 12th century, King David I of Scotland converted the castle into the official royal residence of Scottish monarchs. Now, this magnificent building welcomes more than a million of visitors from all over the world. Edinburgh Castle and the grounds offer incredible points of interest to be visited. Here are just some of my favourites!

  • St. Margaret’s Chapel — the oldest building in Edinburgh, built in memory of St. Margaret of Scotland, mother of King David I of Scotland. This romanesque architecture building from the 12th century, although quite small, holds a Grade A listed status.
  • Mons Meg — this medieval bombard built in 1449 is the largest cannon in the world! With a barrel diameter of 20 inches (510mm), it’s 4,6m long and weights more than 6 tons – that’s enough for a child to crawl inside. Wow!
  • Honours of Scotland (Scottish Crown Jewels) — used during the coronation of the Scottish monarchs, they include the Crown, the Spectre and the Sword of State. They’re currently displayed in the Crown Room alongside an exhibition.
  • The Stone of Destiny (Stone of Scone) — a sandstone where the Scottish monarchs were crowned. Stolen by King Edward I of England in 1296, it was returned to Scotland in 1996.
  • National War Museum and Prisons of War — housed in a former military hospital, the National War Museum contains more than 400 years of military history of Scotland that are shown through permanent and temporary exhibitions. The Prisons of War, on the other hand, are a recreation of the original cellars where inmates from Ireland, the Netherlands, France, Spain and even America were kept after being captured. A sad case involves a small 5-year-old drummer boy captured at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.
  • One O’Clock Gun a cannon fired daily except Sundays at…you guessed it, one o’clock! This tradition has been carried out since 1861 and, back in the day, would be used as a time signal. The idea was to let ships in the Firth of Forth and townspeople know the correct time so they could synchronise their clocks. Initially, this was done through a time ball installed on top of the Nelson Monument (on Calton Hill), but it wasn’t very effective during foggy days.
  • Scottish National War Memorial – Built in 1927 in memory of the fallen in the two world wars and military conflicts since 1945.

Edinburgh Castle | Castlehill, Edinburgh EH1 2NG www.edinburghcastle.scot

2. The Royal Mile

Looking for THE busiest and most famous street in Edinburgh? Then the Royal Mile is your place. This medieval road is actually a succession of streets running through the heart of the capital’s historic centre, connecting the Palace of Holyroodhouse at the foot of Arthur’s Seat, with Castle Hill and Edinburgh Castle. A little nugget of information for you: the Royal Mile is approximately one Scots mile long (1.81km), a measure that was last used in the 18th century!

Royal Mile Edinburgh

Being the most touristy area of Edinburgh means the Royal Mile is bustling with tourist attractions, cafés, museums, pubs and gift shops. These run from Castle Hill and the Esplanade to the Lawnmarket (the oldest part of the Old Town and once home to a linen market), High Street (and the imposing St Giles Cathedral), Canongate (once an semi-independent burgh within Edinburgh) and all the way to Abbey Strand (where the Scottish Parliament sits). Phew!

Bagpiper Edinburgh

Although street performers and souvenir sellers try to steal your attention, truth is that the Old Town’s main street is much more than that. With narrow alleys extending from the Royal Mile, you’ll soon find yourself exploring a labyrinth of adorable and old-fashioned closes. It quickly becomes a guessing game – will you end up in a cobbled alley, a garden, a courtyard, a staircase or a dead end? Exciting!

3. St Giles Cathedral and Heart of Midlothian

St Giles Cathedral or High Kirk of Edinburgh is perhaps one of the most important buildings on High Street. Founded by King David I in 1124, this is the Church of Scotland’s main place of worship according to the Presbyterian tradition! The crown-spired church has undergone numerous reconstructions, with various parts of its structure belonging to different periods in time.

With an outstanding interior, it features long stained glass windows and a spectacular stone vaulted ceiling of the recently reopened Thistle Chapel. Considered one of Scotland’s most valuable architectural structures, the Thistle Chapel serves as the private chapel for the Order of the Thistle – the greatest and most ancient order of chivalry in Scotland, where each member is personally appointed by the British monarch.

St Giles' Cathedral Edinburgh

St Giles' Cathedral, Edinburgh entrance

Right by St Giles Cathedral is the Heart of Midlothian. This heart-shaped mosaic often gets the attention of passersby who stop and spit on it, a habit that’s said to bring good luck. This “tradition” dates back to medieval times, when the Old Tolbooth prison sat opposite St Giles Cathedral. It’s said to have been quite a scary building, where prisoners were hung in front of an audience (who would await anxiously and spit on the floor). Their heads were then later displayed on the prison’s façade.

St Giles’ Cathedral | High Street, Edinburgh EH1 1RE stgilescathedral.org.uk

4. Arthur’s Seat and St Anthony’s Chapel

If you’re looking for the best panoramic views of Edinburgh, then Arthur’s Seat should definitely be on your list. Rising like a giant to the east of Edinburgh’s city centre, Arthur’s Seat is the largest peak of the Arthur’s Seat Volcano site, which includes Calton Hill and the Castle Hill which Edinburgh Castle sits on.

Formed by a now extinct volcano which erupted 335-341 million years ago, Arthur’s Seat takes up most of Holyrood Park near the Palace of Holyroodhouse. Its peak reaches 251 metres (822 ft) and, although smaller than Ben Nevis’ 1,345m  (4,413 ft) in the Scottish Highlands, it can be seen from almost anywhere in Edinburgh which, in return, rewards you with captivating views of the Scottish capital.

Arthur's Seat view of Edinburgh

Walking Arthur's Seat, Edinburgh

Walking Arthur’s Seat is about a 2 hour round hike. Getting there is quite easy – for a warm-up take a nice walk from Edinburgh Castle, down the Royal Mile to Holyrood Palace and across to the start of the Arthur’s Seat trail. There’s also some parking at the bottom of the hill if needed! The hike isn’t too strenuous and isn’t too difficult but remember to wear comfortable clothing and shoes. However, it can get especially windy towards the peak (as we found out), so make sure you have enough strength by bringing water and something to eat along the way.

As you start ascending the green hill, you’ll walk past the ruins of St Anthony’s Chapel. This 15th century chapel was originally rectangular with a tower but now only a corner remains. Despite its strategic location on Arthur’s Seat, very little is known about it, but it’s thought to be associated with Holyrood Abbey.

Saint Anthony's Chapel, Holyrood Park, Edinburgh

Saint Anthony's Chapel, Edinburgh window

5. Scott Monument and Princes Street Gardens

The dark and pointy silhouette of the Scott Monument stands imposingly in the heart of Edinburgh’s New Town. The Victorian Gothic tower is dedicated to Sir Walter Scott, one of Scotland’s most famous novelists whose white marble statue rests at the feet of the monument’s arches.

Scott Monument, Edinburgh

Reaching the 61.11 metres (200 ft 6 in) high, the Scott Monument offers a unique snapshot of the Old Town’s roofs from a number of viewing platforms which you can access by a narrow spiral staircase with a total of 288 steps!

The blackened façade of the Scott Monument, much like a lot of buildings in Edinburgh, is a result of the pollution during Victorian times and creates a dramatic contrast with the greenery of the Princes Street Gardens that surround it. The two parks were created by draining Nor Loch, Edinburgh’s largest loch, and currently run along Princes Street. They’re divided by The Mound, an artificial hill acting as a border between the Old and the New Town.

Royal Scots Greys monument Edinburgh

6. Calton Hill

At the Eastern end of Princes Street and Old Town stands Calton Hill. Originated by the same volcanic eruption that created Arthur’s Seat and Castle Hill, Calton Hill is home to an endearing display of historic landmarks of the city of Edinburgh. These include the unfinished Greek-inspired acropolis known as the National Monument, designed as a replica of the Athenian Pantheon and a memorial to the Scottish servicemen who died in Napoleonic Wars. Other important buildings include Nelson’s Monument, Robert Burns Monument, Political Martys’ Monument, the Old Royal High School and the City Observatory.

Edinburgh from Calton Hill

However, one of the most iconic monuments on the hill is the Dugald Stewart Monument, built in 1831 in honour of the Scottish philosopher. The circular shaped temple, now a grade A listed building, features nine Corinthian columns and overlooks the centre of Edinburgh and Edinburgh Castle.

Dugald Stewart monument Calton Hill, Edinburgh

Calton Hill Edinburgh view

7. Dean Village

Dean Village is by far one of the most picturesque corners of the Scottish capital. It’s hard to imagine such a peaceful place would even exist in a dynamic city like Edinburgh. But truth is, going out of your way to explore this picturesque neighbourhood is absolutely worth it.

Dean Village, Edinburgh

Sitting on the banks of the Water of Leith, on the west side of Edinburgh near Stockbridge, Dean Village is the polar opposite of the hustle and bustle of the Royal Mile. Cobblestone alleys, meadows, old millstones and colourful old buildings are complimented by the peaceful sound of the Water of Leith. Once entirely separate from the city of Edinburgh, Dean Village was originally where milling of water mills took place. Important landmarks in the area include the Scottish Gallery of National Art, Well Court (a refurbished Victorian housing building commissioned in the late 19th century by the then owner of the Scotsman newspaper, Sir John Findlay) and Dean Bridge (a four arched bridge).

8. Circus Lane

Just like Dean Village, Circus Lane is arguably one of the most gorgeous corners in Edinburgh. This residential cobbled alley sits in the Stockbridge neighbourhood, a stone’s throw from the Sunday Stockbridge Market (an absolute must if you are in the area!). Just like other back alleys built in the 17th and 18th centuries, its main purpose was to house the stables of wealthy families, thus keeping the smell and noise from the main residences. Now, beautiful flowers fill the alley, making it the perfect Instagram spot even when the Scottish weather isn’t at its full potential!

Circus Lane and Saint Stephen's Stockbridge, Edinburgh

9. Greyfriars Bobby

The story of Greyfriars Bobby is a sad but heartwarming one. Legend says a small Skye Terrier named Bobby remained vigilant for 14 years at the grave of his master, John Gray (known as Auld Jock), a local policeman. No matter the weather conditions, the little doggo wouldn’t leave Auld Jock’s grave in the old Greyfriars Kirkyard until his death in 1872. A statue of Bobby was placed at the entrance of the cemetery to commemorate his loyalty to his master, and it’s said that rubbing its nose will bring you good luck!

10. Scottish National Gallery

Located on The Mound, the Scottish National Gallery hosts a collection of some of the most magnificent pieces of international and Scottish fine art in the world. These include works from different stages in the history of art, from renaissance to surrealism and contemporary art, with masterpieces by Van Gogh, Monet, Rembrandt and Gaugin, among others. Admission is free, although some temporary exhibitions may charge!

Scottish National Gallery | The Mound, Edinburgh EH2 2EL www.nationalgalleries.org/scottish-national-gallery

Other things to do in Edinburgh

  • Food and Drink – The Dogs (for exceptional fine dining and Scottish haggis!), The Pantry (for deliciously healthy brunch) and Southern Cross Café (for a warm cuppa and cake in High Street on the Royal Mile).
  • Sunday Stockbridge Market– for amazing street food and local crafts.
  • Scottish must-tries–Whisky, Gin, Irn Bru, Red Kola, fried Mars bar, haggis (for those with a strong stomach!).
  • National Museum of Scotland – for cool permanent and temporary exhibits featuring everything from Egypt and bagpipes to fashion and even whales!
  • Edinburgh Festival Fringe– the world’s largest arts festival taking place every August and featuring more than 50,000 performances including theatre, circus, comedy, musicals, cabaret and tons of other shows!
  • The Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo – a series of military events, performed by the British Armed Forces, Commonwealth and international military bands as part of the Edinburgh Festival Fringe.

The list of must-sees in Edinburgh is a long one and can go on and on for ages. This beautiful capital is a total treasure trove of gems and I already can’t wait to go back!

Have you been to Edinburgh before? If so, what’s your favourite part of the city? If you really loved our best things to do in Edinburgh Travel Guide, please leave us a comment, pin some photos and show us some love on social media using the buttons below 🙂

G. x


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52 comments

  1. jenna

    Great post! I went to Edinburgh with my family when I was in high school, but we only stayed for two days as most of our trip was in London… It looks like we missed a few things on your list, so I definitely want to go again! Thanks for sharing!
    -Jenna ♥
    Stay in touch? The Chic Cupcake

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Thanks Jenna, I hope you get the chance to visit Edinburgh soon and hopefully this list will come in handy! x

      Reply

  2. Jane Palmen

    Hi I also love Edinburgh and have been lucky enough to go several times in the last few years. I think the trip out to see the Royal Yacht Britannia is well worth the visit – we got the bus out there, I’ve also been to Holyrood House which again would recommend. Loved your blog and the photos – makes me want to go back although there are so many other places I’d like to go to as well! I’ve never climbed to Arthur’s Seat – maybe I’ll try that next time because the views look amazing!

    Reply

    1. Ellie

      I love this post. I went to Edinburgh back in March after six years away and I loved St Giles Cathedral so much and Calton Hill. Looking at this post I really need to visit Dean Village as I always stay around Leith! One thing I checked out when I was there was their Parliament building – pretty interesting place for architecture nerds 😍

      Reply

      1. blushrougette

        Oh nice! It looks like I need to go back and check more places out! x

        Reply

    2. blushrougette

      Thanks Jane! I will definitely add those places to our list for next time! x

      Reply

  3. Simone

    Your pictures are absolutely stunning! Thanks for sharing 🙂

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Thanks so much Simone!

      Reply

  4. Travel Addicted Unicorn

    Very nice article!! Been planning a trip for a while now. Pics look amazing too

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Thanks so much!

      Reply

  5. Aimsy

    Oh, Edinburgh has been on my list of places I would love to visit, but haven’t managed to just yet! Your post makes me want to book the trip asap.
    I would love to see all in this post, I like the sound of the walk up Arthur’s seat especially the views!
    I’d so like to see the underground streets!

    Thanks for sharing!

    Aimsy xoxo
    https://www.aimsysantics.co.uk

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Awe thanks Aimsy, Edinburgh is such a lovely place and I couldn’t recommend it enough! x

      Reply

  6. Sammy

    I love Edinburgh, it’s so beautiful. And I’d definitely recommend going when it’s Fringe season – the Royal Mile is like a totally different world!
    We also found a really nice museum of writers, like Robert Burns, which I’d recommend. I can’t remember the name for the life of me but it was near the castle. A must-see for literature lovers!
    Great post 🙂
    Sammy (selfcaresloth.wordpress.com)

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      That sounds like a place I need to visit! Thank you so much for the recommendation and the lovely comment Sammy! x

      Reply

  7. Gemma

    I adore this post! I have wanted to go to Scotland and Edinburgh for soo long. It’s such a beautiful and magical place. I didn’t know some of these places/areas existed there. Thank-you for sharing! I’m going to bookmark this page until I book that trip to Edinburgh.

    Gemma | http://www.anoceanglimmer.wordpress.com

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Wow, thank you so much Gemma! x

      Reply

  8. Chloe

    Aaah this post is so useful, as I’m going to Edinburgh in May. I can’t wait! xx

    https://www.chloexlizabeth.com/

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Awesome! I’m sure you will love it! x

      Reply

  9. Annelize

    I love this post! Edinburgh is one of my favourite places to visit in Scotland. Thank you for taking me back there.

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      This is amazing, thank you so much! x

      Reply

  10. Savannah

    These photos are absolutely dreamy! I want to visit each and every single one of these places. Bookmarking for later! Thank you so much for sharing—this list is very inclusive and excellent.

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      This is so sweet Savannah, thank you so much! x

      Reply

  11. Molly Catherine

    Edinburgh is one of my all time favourite cities, I love visiting my family there! The views from the castle is a highlight for me, and the atmosphere of the Royal Mile is always great. Princes Street Gardens in the spring time is also gorgeous! Lovely to see a post with all the fab things to do in such a great city 🙂

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Thank you so much Molly, it makes me really happy to read such beautiful comments! I need to go back in spring and see those gorgeous gardens!

      Reply

  12. Katie

    I love Edinburgh too! I’ve been twice already.

    There’s just something about the city that’s so magical – am I right?

    Great post 🙂

    – Katie xo | http://www.katiekat.co.uk

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      You are so absolutely right! Loads of people are recommending places I have never seen on the comments so I can’t wait to go back! x

      Reply

  13. Katie

    Hey this list has made me think about going back to Edinburgh as I haven’t seen half of these places?!

    Katie xx
    Blog: http://www.katienor.com
    Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDkbJn_5s2yAyuDGgtDwuLg?view_as=subscriber

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Oh wow, this is awesome! Thank you! x

      Reply

  14. In Asian Spaces

    Wow, I’m definitely bookmarking this page so I can review it again before my Scotland trip! Edinburgh is so beautiful, didn’t even know the bit about an extinct volcano. What a great city! Very informative post (=

    In Asian Spaces | https://inasianspaces.com/

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Thank you so much, I’m so happy you liked it! x

      Reply

  15. Chloe Osborn

    Really informative post, I want to go to Edinburgh one day so I will definitely be looking back at this post! The view from Arthur’s seat looks amazing and the architecture is beautiful.

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Thank you so much Chloe! x

      Reply

  16. ThatAutisticFitChick

    I’ve never made it to Edinburgh although I now really really want to get up there! I have tried deep fried mars bars when they made it to my local chippy….I think I definitely advise getting some chips with one to eat first – one time I didn’t and burnt my tongue on the hot caramel because I didn’t wait long enough for it to cool!

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Ahhh, I know the feeling! I burn my tongue all the time when I eat freshly baked goodies! x

      Reply

  17. Corey

    Great post with beautiful pictures! We haven’t been, but this certainly moves it up our list!

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      So lovely, thanks Corey! x

      Reply

  18. Pat

    Thanks for this post.
    Lovely pictures, awesome and in-depth information.
    I’m planning on touring a few national places and Scotland is one of them. I will definitely be coming back to this post.

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      This is amazing, thank you! x

      Reply

  19. Aditi Kaushiva

    This year was my third visit to Edinburgh. Such a beautiful historic city! Love every street and the vibe through the place.

    My Edinburgh post has been pending for long! You’ve inspired me to write mine.

    Aditi
    http://www.aditispen.com

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Amazing, can’t wait to read your post! Make sure you send it across when you’ve written it! x

      Reply

  20. Kaye

    This blog post is really informative and inspiring. It makes me want to be more detailed and informative when creating my next travel guide series. Keep it up. Would love to visit Edinburgh soon <3

    Kaye – http://amalog.co

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      This is awesome, thanks so much Kaye! x

      Reply

  21. Annelize

    Edinburgh is one of my favourite cities. I’ve been there about 5 times now, but every time there is something new to discover – thank you for this list, it is brilliant!

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Wow I’m jealous! I can’t wait to go back myself!

      Reply

  22. Sophie

    As someone who has always wanted to visit Scotland, it was nice to see a list of places to check out. I’m going to have to add some of these.

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Thank you!

      Reply

  23. Carolina Edson

    This is great! I’m not sure if I’ll ever travel here but great to have this information. Thank you so much for sharing!

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Thank you – hope you get to find it useful one day! x

      Reply

  24. Giana Spiteri

    I went to Edinburgh 5 years ago and I didn’t do half of these things! I’d love to go back in the future and explore it more as it was beautiful x

    G

    https://www.teawithgi.com

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Same! I feel like there is so much more to see! x

      Reply

  25. Tsareena Wimbush

    Good timing! I’m planning a trip to Edinburgh. I’ve been once before for a weekend and spent most of it drinking 🙂 I’m planning to go back and see everything I missed… great tips here.

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Thanks Tsareena, hope my travel guide helps you enjoy Edinburgh even more! x

      Reply

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