Things you must do in Prague | TRAVEL GUIDE

Charles bridge over Vltava and Prague castle

If you’re planning a trip to Prague, you’re in the right place. I’d heard loads of beautiful things about the Czech capital from both locals and tourists and it’s safe to say I was really looking forward to visiting! Now, after spending five marvellous days in the “The City of a Hundred Spires” (there are a lot a viewpoints all over the place!), I can truly say Prague has become one of my favourite cities in the world. What’s not to like? Prague is a museum in itself. It’s medieval, charming and full of history around every corner (most of it is a UNESCO World Heritage site). Plus, if you love coffee and/or beer, this is your place to be! And don’t even get me started on the amazing food. Absolutely delicious.

So of course, how could I possibly go to Prague and not include my favourite parts and recommendations for you all? Here are my top tips on things you must do in Prague.

  1. Explore Prague’s Old Town
  2. Cross Charles Bridge
  3. Visit Prague Castle
  4. Wonder at Prague’s metro stations
  5. Write your name on the John Lennon Wall
  6. Go to the top of the Dancing House
  7. Walk around Josefov
  8. Find David Černy’s rebellious sculptures
  9. More things to do in Prague
  10. Places to eat and drink in Prague

Prague new town hall

Prague manhole cover

St Nicholas church, Old town square, Prague

1. Explore Staré Město, Prague’s Old Town

Prague’s Old Town (Staré Město) is the most touristic area of the Czech capital. Think cobbled streets, picturesque alleys and impressive gothic and high baroque architecture. Old Town Square (Staroměstské Náměstí) is home to outstanding monuments and has been Prague’s main public square since the 10th century. It was even a marketplace until the early 20th century, woah! Here’s what not to miss:

  • Church of Our Lady before Týn (Chrám Matky Boží před Týnem)

    The Church of Our Lady before Týn is the most important religious building of Prague’s Old Town. Built in the 14th century on the site of a former romanesque church, it features both a Gothic and a Baroque interior, complete with two 80m high towers topped with four small spires. The Church of Our Lady before Týn was controlled by the Hussites for two centuries. Then, after the recatholicisation, the melted-down Hussite chalice was replaced by a golden sculpture of the Virgin Mary.

Prague old town square, Church of our lady before tyn

  • Powder Tower (Prašná Brána)

    This Gothic tower at the entrance of Prague’s Old City was built in 1475 as one of the thirteen gates giving access to the capital. However, the structure you currently see is not the original, as it was destroyed in a fire in 1541 and rebuilt shortly after. The Powder Tower was, of course, used to store powder in the 17th century and was also the starting point for the Coronation (Royal Route) to the St. Vitus Cathedral at Prague Castle!

Powder Tower, Prague

  • Prague Astronomical Clock (Orloj)

    The Prague Astronomical Clock is located on the southern wall of the Old Town Hall. The mechanical clock and astronomical dial date back to 1410, making it the oldest working astronomical clock in the world and the third oldest overall!

    The clock itself consists of three main parts:

    • A calendar by Josef Mánes – with the months of the year and zodiac signs)
    • The astronomical clock – with the orbits of the sun and the moon
    • The wooden statues – the figures of the 12 apostles and Death, Vanity, Greed, Turk, Angel, Astronomer, Philosopher and Chronicler.

Don’t miss the clock parade that takes place every hour between 9am-11pm. For 45 secs, the 12 apostles appear above the clock, while the wooden statues on the sides also set in motion.

Prague astronomical clock and church of our lady before tyn

Top tip: Looking for the best views of the Old Town Square? Go up the Old Town Hall Tower, which at almost 70 m high will also offer 360 degree views of Prague and the Astronomical Clock! Plus it has a very cool lift that takes you up to the top!

Prague astronomical clock tower

2. Cross Charles Bridge (Karlův Most)

Charles Bridge is the most emblematic sight in Prague and a meeting point for both locals and tourists. Built in 1367 by order of King Charles IV, it’s the second oldest preserved bridge in the Czech Republic. At 515.8 m long and 9.5 m wide, it crosses the Vltava to connect Staré Mesto and Malá Strana (the Lesser Quarter, with the spectacular Prague Castle on top). A tower stands on each side – the Old Town Bridge Tower and the Lesser Town Bridge Towers. One of them is the surviving Judith’s Tower, part of the previous bridge on the site.

Charles Bridge was designed by Petr Parléř (who was also the mastermind behind the St. Vitus Cathedral) and was initially known as Stone Bridge or Prague Bridge, only to be named after the monarch in 1870. An important part of Charles Bridge are, of course, the 30 Baroque statues that stand on both sides. All of these, however, are copies of the original ones which are currently in the National Museum.

Prague Castle from Charles Bridge and statues

Statue of the Madonna, St Dominic and Thomas Aquinas on Charles Bridge, Prague

The most visited statue? Probably St. John of Nepomuk! Legend says he was a priest and confessor of the Queen of Bohemia. When he refused to reveal the Queen’s confessions to the King Wenceslas IV, he was tortured and thrown from Charles Bridge into the Vltava to drown. Look out for the small golden cross a few metres from the statue, which marks the spot where the priest’s body was thrown from. Touch it and make a wish – some say it will come true within a year and one day!

Top tip: Visit early morning to get some of the best snaps of Charles Bridge, when the crowds of tourists haven’t arrived. Want some great views? Go up the Old Town Bridge Tower, there’ll be much less tourists and you won’t regret it! Plus, there’s an archaeological exhibition at the bottom with findings from an excavation under Charles Bridge.

3. Visit Prague Castle (Pražský Hrad)

Another must when visiting Prague is definitely Prague’s Castle. Up on a hill overseeing Malá Strana and Prague’s Old Town, the walled complex features important historical buildings connected by beautiful alleys. Now an UNESCO World Heritage site and also the main residence of the President of the Czech Republic, it was historically the official headquarters of the Kings of Bohemia. Throughout the years, the castle and grounds have undergone changes and expansions and now include major attractions that you should absolutely not miss. I’d recommend swinging by St. Vitus Cathedral, Golden Lane, the Palace Gardens and watch the Changing of the Guard!

Here’s an extended guide with all the things to see in Prague Castle, including tickets and opening times.

Top tip: Whether you like coffee or not, check out the the views from the Starbucks outside the castle. This is probably one of the best free viewpoints over the city of Prague!

Prague Castle from Charles Bridge, Prague

4. Wonder at Prague’s metro stations

The Prague metro network is not only efficient but has unique metro stations that look like public art galleries. They’re absolutely worth checking out, even if you prefer walking like me! The green, yellow and red lines (A, B and C respectively) cover 65.2km and 61 stations all over Prague. The best bit? They’re covered in multi-coloured metallic walls with dimples (similar to the back of Lego pieces) and even have contemporary art pieces!

Top tip: Make sure to stop at Náměstí Míru, which is not only beautiful but also has the longest escalator in Europe!

5. Write your name on the John Lennon Wall

On the morning of 8 of December 1980, John Lennon was fatally shot by Mark David Chapman while returning to his apartment at The Dakota, in New York City. A few hours later, his image and song lyrics were painted on a wall in Malá Strana as a tribute to the singer. Now, the Lennon Wall is fully covered with graffiti and dedicated to John Lennon and The Beatles in general, with other designs including protests to local and global causes (such as climate change, war and the protests in Hong Kong). There are also people playing songs by The Beatles, with a vibe that reminds me of the Cavern Club in Liverpool!

John Lennon Wall, Prague

6. Go to the top of the Dancing House (Tančící Dům)

Known as the “Dancing House” or “Fred and Ginger”, the Nationale-Nederlanden building (now ING Bank)  is one of the most representative postmodern icons of Prague. Designed by architects Vlado Milunić and Frank Gehry in 1996, it portrays dancers Fred Astaire (concrete) and Ginger Rogers (steel and glass) in a 9-floor deconstructivist style building. The Dancing House was built on the site of a former Baroque building that was destroyed by the US bombing of Prague in 1945.

Top tip: Go to the roof terrace for some good views of the Vltava, glorious food and a drink!

The Dancing House, Prague

7. Walk around the Jewish Quarter (Josefov)

Now a UNESCO World Heritage site, Josevof used to be the largest Jewish ghetto in Europe. Full of incredible charm and tragic history, this is where the legend of the Golem who would protect the quarter from the attack of the Christians was first created. Important landmarks of the area are:

  • The impressive synagogues – such as the Old-New Synagogue (the oldest active synagogue in Europe, dating back to 1270), Maisel Synagogue, Pinkas Synagogue and the Spanish Synagogue (with an impressive Moorish interior).
  • The Jewish Museum – one of the oldest in Europe.
  • The Old Jewish Cemetery – with more than 12,000 tombstones, with the oldest daring back to 1439.

The Ceremonial Hall by Klausova synagoga, Prague

Golem Biscuits, Golem Bakery, Prague

Old-New Synagogue, Prague

8. Find David Černy’s rebellious sculptures 

David Černy is one of the most controversial Czech sculptors and his art can be found all around his hometown Prague. These include:

  • Seven foot tall Sigmund Freud (“Man Hanging Out”) – depicting Sigmund Freud hanging by one hand from a long pole from the top of a building, seemingly trying to decide between life and death.
  • Babies on Žižkov TV Tower – the world’s second ugliest building, with creepy babies crawling up the tower!
  • Two Peeing Guys – as the name says, a fountain with two bronze sculptures peeing into the Czech Republic.
  • St. Wenceslas – inside the atrium of the Lucerna Palace, a representation of St. Wenceslas riding a dead horse upside down. A twist to the iconic statue that dominates St Wenceslas Square, just around the corner (see below).
  • Giant Crawling Babies – Big bronze sculptures outside the Museum Kampa on Kampa Island.

Statue of St Wenceslas riding a dead horse by David Cerny

Statue of Saint Wenceslas, Wenceslas square and Narodni muzeum, Prague

David Cerny - Sigmund Freud statue - Man hanging out, Prague

9. More things to do in Prague

  • Visit Prague’s main post office – located in Jindřišská 909/14, it has one of the most beautiful interiors you’ll ever see in a post office!
  • Walk around Wallenstein Garden (Valdštejnská Zahrada) – a peaceful early Baroque garden built for the Duke Albrecht of Wallenstein as part of his residence (the Wallenstein Palace) in Malá Strana. It features a large pond, an Italian grotto with fake stalactites, statues of Greek mythology heroes and even peacocks! Certainly a great place to escape from the hustle and bustle of the streets of Prague.
  • Explore Vinohrady – my favourite neighbourhood (and the one we stayed in), full of trendy hotspots, beautiful cafés, markets and loads of parks!
  • Just wander around Prague! – this city is beautiful and full of wonders around every corner. Simply go out and start exploring!

Main Post Office, Prague

St Nicholas bell tower, Prague

Obecni Dum Municipal House, Prague

Jindrisska Vez and Jesus statue

10. Places to eat and drink in Prague

  • Kuchyn – for traditional Czech food, just opposite Prague Castle and with lovely views over the city. There is no set menu – you choose from the hot pots and pans!
  • Restaurace U Pinkasů – a hidden beer garden right next to the Church of Our Lady of the Snows (Kostel Panny Marie Sněžné).
  • IF Café Jungmannova – with loads of sweet treats! Make sure you try their amazing Větrník and iconic lemon.
  • La Bohème Café –  with a chilled atmosphere, great for cake and a cuppa.
  • Kavárna Kaaba – because you NEED to have at least one cup of coffee in Prague!
  • Bad Jeff’s Barbecue – for all meat lovers, they have the greatest American-style bbq.
  • Mezi Srnky – for great brunch with ingredients sourced from local suppliers.
  • Farmer’s Market at Jiřák – open from Wednesday to Saturday on Náměstí Jiřího z Poděbrad.
  • Manifesto Market – fancy another market? This time with an industrial-chic vibe and more than 20 stalls serving trendy cuisine and cocktails.
  • Teresa U Prince – go to the roof top of the Hotel U Prince for great drinks and views!

Carrot cake, tea and latte at La Boheme Cafe

Drinking a latte

Have you been to Prague before? If so, what’s your favourite thing about the Czech Capital? If you loved our things you must do in Prague post, please leave us a comment, pin some photos and show us some love on social media using the buttons below 🙂

G. x


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30 comments

  1. Jane Palmen

    We loved Prague. We got the local bus up to the castle easily and then walked down through the castle buildings and grounds. We also went to one of the many classical music concerts that were advertised- something we probably wouldn’t have done at home but really enjoyed. Also found some good gluten free restaurants. Your blog brings back happy memories. Lovely photos as always x

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      A classical music concert in Prague sounds like a lot of fun actually; definitely something to try out! Thanks for the comment, Jane x

      Reply

  2. Teresa

    Omg, I love Prague! I spent one Midsummer there with a friend and can’t wait to go back to visit it again. There’s so much to see and do. And the food <3

    Teresa Maria | Outlandish Blog

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      I couldn’t agree more, it’s such a beautiful place and there’s always something to do! Can’t wait to go back myself 🙂 x

      Reply

  3. Anna Nicholson

    These pictures are stunning! I never realized that Prague’s architecture is so beautiful and antique. This looks like an amazing trip, and I’ve just added another place to go on my bucket list! I hope you had a wonderful time!

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Wow, thanks so much Anna! I hope you get to visit Prague soon – you won’t be disappointed, trust me! x

      Reply

  4. Vanessa

    I loved going to Prague. Wish I saw a bit more like the dancing house but one thing for sure, the food was amazing! Such good quality at such a good price!

    Vanessa x
    nessalexa.com

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      I agree, the food is absolutely gorgeous! I am now craving a traditional Czech dinner, sooo tasty! x

      Reply

  5. Dominique Brooks

    Great post! This post just adds to the list of places that I want to visit one day! Thanks for sharing!

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      This is amazing, thank you Dominique!

      Reply

  6. Janja

    Prague is one of my favourite cities as well. I was there 2 years ago in December and it was so lovely with all the Christmas markets and lights. Would love to visit in spring or autumn as well.

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      It must have been lovely to see Prague in Christmas! What was your favourite part? I should definitely visit again during that time of the year! Thanks Janja x

      Reply

  7. Jazmin

    What an absolutely magical place. It looks like a fairytale. I’m actually thinking of going so this post could not have come at a better time. Thanks!

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Awesome, hope you get to try all my tips out! x

      Reply

  8. Fadima Mooneira

    Prague is so beautiful and enchanting. I wish to visit Prague in the future. Thank you for sharing your post.

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      I hope you get the chance to visit soon, I’m sure you’ll love it as much as I do! x

      Reply

  9. Gratisoul

    Wow those are some really great tips! I’d definitely check ’em out whenever I’ll visit this beautiful place!!
    Lovely blog!!

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Thank you so much for the lovely comment! x

      Reply

  10. Ellie

    I love Prague! This is random, but have you ever noticed how amazing the donuts are in this city and the little cafes they have dedicated to donuts and chocolate!?

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      I haven’t actually had a doughnut in Prague! Oh my God, am I missing out? x

      Reply

  11. Em

    Going in January & this post has just made me 10x more excited. Thank you for sharing x

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      That’s awesome, thank you so much Em! I hope you find my Prague travel guide useful 🙂 Have fun!

      Reply

  12. Nic

    Lovely post 🙂 will hopefully go to these if I ever visit Prague 🙂

    Nic | Nic’s Adventures & Bakes

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Definitely visit when you get the chance!

      Reply

  13. Savannah

    Great post! This is such a great and inclusive guide that I’ll definitely keep in mind if I can make it to Prague! Thank you so much for sharing.

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Thanks so much for leaving a comment, Savannah! I hope you get to visit Prague one day, you won’t be disappointed! x

      Reply

  14. Cheryl Flounders

    Fab post! Prague was already on the ‘places I must visit’ list but thanks to your post it has moved to the top spot!

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Hi Cheryl, thanks so much for your comment! It makes me really happy to read my post has inspired you to visit Prague! x

      Reply

  15. Paris

    We absolutely loved Prague on our visit and I think you’ve captured it so well in this post!

    Paris | http://www.thegirlinflat26.wordpress.com

    Reply

    1. blushrougette

      Thank you so much Paris! I’m glad to hear you loved Prague as much as we did! x

      Reply

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